A Muggle’s Bibliothek
last revision:  09/26/2017
A Muggle’s Bibliothek
© Dr. Ing. Dipl Phys. M. Hüfner 2014

Limits of scientific knowledge

 

                   in the light of Kant's theory of knowledge

The   theoretical   physics   would   have   believe   us   that   there   are   no   limits   of   scientific knowledge    for    them.    It    draws    from    mathematical    models    the    knowledge    which    it generated   about   the   world   of   ideas,   without   any   account   of   whether   these   models   can be   true   and   whether   it   can   attract   more   knowledge   than   you   have   put   into   this   models. The philosophical question is: Are synthetic judgements in principle true? In   other   words,   is   it   possible   to   get   knowledge   about   the   world   on   the   basis   of   pure thought without observation?

The Kantian knowledge model

250   years   ago   Immanuel   Kant   began   to   think   about   the   limits   of   knowledge   and thinking   he   did   it   so   thoroughly   that   there   is   probably   no   one   who   could   do   better today. He put down these thoughts in his major work  " Critique of Pure Reason ". Kant   saw   that   the   mind   could   not   function   as   an   empty   container   that   simply   receives data   from   the   outside.   Yet   there   must   be   something   to   arrange   the   incoming   data.   Images   of   external   objects   have   to   kept   in   the   same order   in   which   they   were   received.   This   order   created   by   the   intuition   of   space   and   time   .   From   these   considerations,   he   developed   a model of knowledge that one can map in broad terms with the adjacent graph. Kant   realized   that   we   never   have   direct   experience   of   things,   the   noumenal   world,   and   what   we   do   experience   is   the   phenomenal   world as   conveyed   by   our   senses.   Since   we   are   "visual   animals",   most   of   the   information   is   perceived   through   the   sense   of   sight   ,   he   used   the term "intuition". Experience without theory is blind, but theory without experience is mere intellectual play. and All our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason.”  Immanuel Kant About   "   the   thing   in   itself   "   we   can   know   only   as   much   as   it   allows   our   senses   services   over   the   imaging   process.   Of   course,   we   have extremely   strengthened   this   sense   of   performance   since   Kant's   time   through   technical   means.   Nevertheless,   they   still   have   limitations. We   can't   see   into   the   interior   of   an   atom   and   we   only   can   insofar   see   how   we   received   with   our   telescopes   light   in   the   universe. We   knew nothing about the backside of the moon , if we had not sent any cameras there. The same goes for all the other planets. According   to   Kant,   the   mind   has   a   number   of   categories   with   concepts   a   priori,   by   means   of   which   it   forms   judgements   about   rules   from the   experience   that   can   be   draw   from   "manifolds"   of   sensual   pictures.   In   addition   to   space   and   time   he   has   a   panel   of   other   categories   set up,   the   main   being   the   causality   for   linking   of   terms.   The   "a   priori   "   can   only   be   understood   in   such   a   way   that   we   need   it   before   we think   with   them,   because   of   course   everyone   has   to   learn   in   his   life   terms   only,   only   the   logical   combination   of   different   sensory impressions   is   innate.   Such   a   logical   combination   of   a   term   with   another   is   a   relation.   But   the   linking   of   sensations   with   one   another   and of sensations of terms can the brain.
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From the epilogue by M. Hüfner
The physical world view  between reality and surrealism
last revision:  09/26/2017
 Muggle’s Library
© Dr. Ing. Dipl Phys. M. Hüfner 2014

Limits of scientific knowledge

 

                   in the light of Kant's theory of knowledge

The   theoretical   physics   would   have   believe   us   that   there   are   no   limits   of   scientific knowledge     for     them.     It     draws     from mathematical      models      the      knowledge which    it    generated    about    the    world    of ideas,    without    any    account    of    whether these   models   can   be   true   and   whether   it can   attract   more   knowledge   than   you   have put    into    this    models.    The    philosophical question   is:   Are   synthetic   judgements   in principle true? In    other    words,    is    it    possible    to    get knowledge   about   the   world   on   the   basis   of pure thought without observation?

The Kantian

knowledge model

250   years   ago   Immanuel   Kant   began   to think   about   the   limits   of   knowledge   and thinking   he   did   it   so   thoroughly   that   there   is   probably   no   one   who   could   do   better   today. He put down these thoughts in his major work  " Critique of Pure Reason ". Kant   saw   that   the   mind   could   not   function   as   an   empty   container   that   simply   receives data   from   the   outside.   Yet   there   must   be   something   to   arrange   the   incoming   data. Images   of   external   objects   have   to   kept   in   the   same   order   in   which   they   were   received. This   order   created   by   the   intuition   of   space   and   time   .   From   these   considerations,   he developed   a   model   of   knowledge   that   one   can   map   in   broad   terms   with   the   adjacent graph. Kant   realized   that   we   never   have   direct   experience   of   things,   the   noumenal   world,   and what   we   do   experience   is   the   phenomenal   world   as   conveyed   by   our   senses.   Since   we are   "visual   animals",   most   of   the   information   is   perceived   through   the   sense   of   sight   ,   he used the term "intuition". Experience without theory is blind, but theory without experience is mere intellectual play. and All our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason.” Immanuel Kant About   "   the   thing   in   itself   "   we   can   know   only   as   much   as   it   allows   our   senses   services over   the   imaging   process.   Of   course,   we   have   extremely   strengthened   this   sense   of performance   since   Kant's   time   through   technical   means.   Nevertheless,   they   still   have limitations.   We   can't   see   into   the   interior   of   an   atom   and   we   only   can   insofar   see   how we   received   with   our   telescopes   light   in   the   universe.   We   knew   nothing   about   the backside   of   the   moon   ,   if   we   had   not   sent   any   cameras   there.   The   same   goes   for   all   the other planets. According   to   Kant,   the   mind   has   a   number   of   categories   with   concepts   a   priori,   by means   of   which   it   forms   judgements   about   rules   from   the   experience   that   can   be   draw from   "manifolds"   of   sensual   pictures.   In   addition   to   space   and   time   he   has   a   panel   of other   categories   set   up,   the   main   being   the   causality   for   linking   of   terms.   The   "a   priori   " can   only   be   understood   in   such   a   way   that   we   need   it   before   we   think   with   them, because    of    course    everyone    has    to    learn    in    his    life    terms    only,    only    the    logical combination   of   different   sensory   impressions   is   innate.   Such   a   logical   combination   of   a term   with   another   is   a   relation.   But   the   linking   of   sensations   with   one   another   and   of sensations of terms can the brain.
Download Download
From the epilogue by M. Hüfner
Physics  between Reality and Surrealism